WHAT IS BEING DONE IN UKRAINE?
Ukraine is а Party to the UN FCCC, and is cooperating on joint programs with many Parties to the UN FCCC, including Canada, Finland, Netherlands, Switzerland and the USA. It also has programs in cooperation with international institutions and environmental organizations.
The following are some of the current international cooperative activities on climate change in Ukraine:
The Government of Canada signed а bilateral agreement with Ukraine in January 1999 and plans to conduct а three-year climate change program through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
UKRAINE-EU cooperation on climate change
During the meeting of the Chairman of the Interministerial Commission on Climate Change Mr. O. Dubyna with the Commissioner of the European Commission Mrs M. Wallstrom in November 2001 in Brussels the issues of stirring up cooperation in the sphere of ecology, specifically climate change, were discussed.
As а result of agreements achieved the Joint Working Group was established to identify the possibilities for cooperation of Ukraine and EU on climate change issues at а governmental level. The First Deputy State Secretary of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine Mr. O. Lyzun is at the head of the Ukrainian part of the Working Group. Its members are the representatives of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Fuel and Energy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Representative Offices of Ukraine in the European Communities, and Apparatus of the National Security and Defense Council. The first meeting of the Working Group took place in June, 2002.
In 1999, the Ministries of Ecology of Finland and Ukraine signed an agreement to work on programs in the area of climate change administration.
United Nations - Ukraine
Through the United Nations Development Program(UNDP) Global Environment Facility (GEF) funds pilot projects to reduce barriers to implementing climate change mitigation measures. Ukraineъs State Committee on Energy Conservation has received an award under this program.
The United Nations Economic Council for Europe (UNECE) and Usaid/ukraine are cooperating to assist cities in Ukraine to prepare climate change action plans. The four pilot cities are Slavutich, Zaporozhia, Dniprodzerzhinsk, and Mariupil. The Un/ece Project on Energy Efficiency Investments for Climate Change Mitigation is to accelerate energy efficiency market formation activities for the greater participation of private sector investments, products and services in three key areas: municipal lighting, hospitals and district heating
World Bank/swiss Government-ukraine
The World Bank recently began cooperation with the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources with funding from the Swiss government to assist Ukraine in meeting its international commitments under the Kyoto Protocol and the UNFCCC by developing а national strategy.
The international climate change activities under the technical assistance programs in Ukraine are summarized here in а comparison chart.
Besides the above mentioned bilateral activities, in Ukraine there exists the Multilateral Working Group on Climate Change that includes Ukrainian official, foreign technical assistance and international donor organizations.
Other organizations with climate activities in Ukraine:
The International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC) receives funding from the W. Alton Jones and CS Mott Foundations to build capacity to promote sustainable energy use in Ukraine in the areas of policy and legislation. IIEC has given particular attention to Kharkiv and Eastern Ukraine.
The Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) has initiated а program to assist the countries of the former Soviet Union in meeting commitments to the Kyoto Protocol and to identify and respond to economic opportunities offered by climate change.